The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran (formerly called Persia) and the Arabian Peninsula. This body of water historically and internationally known as: Persian Gulf. The name Gulf of Iran (Persian Gulf) is used by the International Hydrographic Organization. This inland sea of some 251,000 km² is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz; and its western end is marked by the major river delta of the Arvand River, which carries the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris. Its length is 989 kilometers, with Iran covering most of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia most of the southern coast. The Persian Gulf is about 56 kilometers wide at its narrowest, in the Strait of Hormuz. The waters are overall very shallow, with a maximum depth of 90 meters and an average depth of 50 meters.
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are: Iran, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq.
In 550 B.C, the Achaemenid Empire established the first Persian Empire in Pars in the southwestern region of the Iranian plateau. Consequently in the Greek sources, the body of water that bordered this province came to be known as the Persian Gulf. No written deed has remained since the era before the Persian Empire, but in the oral history and culture, the Iranians have called the southern waters: "Jam Sea", "Iran Sea", and "Pars Sea". In the fifth century B.C., Darius the Great of the Achaemenid dynasty called the Persian Gulf "Draya; tya; haca; parsa: Aitiy", meaning, "The sea which goes from Persian". In this era, some of the Greek writers also called it "Persikonkaitas", meaning the Persian Gulf. Claudius Ptolemaues, the celebrated Greco-Egyptian mathematician/astronomer in the second century called it "Persicus Sinus" or Persian Gulf. In the first century A.D., Quintus Curticus Rufus, the Roman historian, designated it "Aquarius Persico" – the Persian Sea. Flavius Arrianus, another Greek historian, called it "Persiconkaitas" (Persian Gulf).
During the Sassanian dynasty and the time of the Prophet Muhammad and the 4 caliphs, the name invariably used was the "Persian Sea". This was continued by the Omayyads and Abbasids. Among historians, travelers and geographers of the Islamic era, they have used the terms "Bahr-i-Fars", "Daryaye-i-Fars", "Khalij al-'Ajami" and "Khalij-i Fars" (all of which translate into "Persian Gulf" or "Persian Sea").
The United Nations Secretariat on many occasions has requested that only "Persian Gulf" be used as the official and standard geographical designation for the body of water. At the Twenty-third session of the United Nations in March–April 2006, the name "Persian Gulf" was confirmed again as the legitimate and official term to be used by members of the United Nations.
آبراه پارس . خلیج الفارسی . الخلیج الفارسی . فارس خلیج فارس . خلیج پارس . دریای فارس . دریای پارس . الخلیج الفارس . الخلیج الفارسی . بحر فارس . بحر فارسی . خلیج فارسی . دریای فارسی . دریای پارسی . خلیج پارسی . بحر الفارسی . البحر الفارسی
Persian Gulf . Golfo Pérsico . Perzische Golf . Golfo Persico . Persischer Golf . Persiske Bugt . Golf Pèrsic . Khalij-e Fars . Khalije Fars . Khalij Fars . alKhalij alfarsi . khalīj-e-Pārs . Bahr Fars . Bahri Fars . Persiese Golf . Fars Körfezi . Teluk Persia . Perzijski zaljev . Perzsa-öbölben . Perský záliv . Persiske Golf . Pärsia lahe . Persianlahti . Du golfe Persique . Peirsis Murascaille . Persijas līča . Persijos įlankos . Teluk Parsi . Golf Persjan . Persiabukta . Zatoki Perskiej . Golful Persic . Perzský záliv . Perzijski zaliv . Kiajemi Ghuba . Persiska viken . Gwlff Persia . Gòlf Pèsik . Перська затока . Персијски залив . Фарсі заліў . Περσικός Κόλπος . Персидский залив . სპარსეთის ყურე . 波斯湾 . 波斯灣 . ペルシャ湾 . 페르시 아만 . फ़ारसी की खाड़ी . Պարսից ծոց . המפרץ הפרסי
The Arabian Gulf Does Not Exist. It Was, Is, And Always will Be Persian Gulf.