The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran (formerly called Persia) and the Arabian Peninsula. This body of water historically and internationally known as: Persian Gulf. The name Gulf of Iran (Persian Gulf) is used by the International Hydrographic Organization. This inland sea of some 251,000 km² is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz; and its western end is marked by the major river delta of the Arvand River, which carries the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris. Its length is 989 kilometers, with Iran covering most of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia most of the southern coast. The Persian Gulf is about 56 kilometers wide at its narrowest, in the Strait of Hormuz. The waters are overall very shallow, with a maximum depth of 90 meters and an average depth of 50 meters.
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are: Iran, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq.
In 550 B.C, the Achaemenid Empire established the first Persian Empire in Pars in the southwestern region of the Iranian plateau. Consequently in the Greek sources, the body of water that bordered this province came to be known as the Persian Gulf. No written deed has remained since the era before the Persian Empire, but in the oral history and culture, the Iranians have called the southern waters: "Jam Sea", "Iran Sea", and "Pars Sea". In the fifth century B.C., Darius the Great of the Achaemenid dynasty called the Persian Gulf "Draya; tya; haca; parsa: Aitiy", meaning, "The sea which goes from Persian". In this era, some of the Greek writers also called it "Persikonkaitas", meaning the Persian Gulf. Claudius Ptolemaues, the celebrated Greco-Egyptian mathematician/astronomer in the second century called it "Persicus Sinus" or Persian Gulf. In the first century A.D., Quintus Curticus Rufus, the Roman historian, designated it "Aquarius Persico" – the Persian Sea. Flavius Arrianus, another Greek historian, called it "Persiconkaitas" (Persian Gulf).
During the Sassanian dynasty and the time of the Prophet Muhammad and the 4 caliphs, the name invariably used was the "Persian Sea". This was continued by the Omayyads and Abbasids. Among historians, travelers and geographers of the Islamic era, they have used the terms "Bahr-i-Fars", "Daryaye-i-Fars", "Khalij al-'Ajami" and "Khalij-i Fars" (all of which translate into "Persian Gulf" or "Persian Sea").
The United Nations Secretariat on many occasions has requested that only "Persian Gulf" be used as the official and standard geographical designation for the body of water. At the Twenty-third session of the United Nations in March–April 2006, the name "Persian Gulf" was confirmed again as the legitimate and official term to be used by members of the United Nations.
الخليج الفارسي . מפרץ פרסי . פּערסיש גאַלף
Persiese Golf . Gjiri Persik . fars körfəzi . Persian Golkoko . Golf Pèrsic . Perzijski zaljev . perský záliv . persiske Gulf . Perzische Golf . Persa Golfo . Pärsia lahe . Persianlahti . Persian lahti . golfe Persique . Golfo Pérsico . persischen Golf . Gòlf Pèsik . Perzsa-öböl . Teluk Persia . Peirsis Murascaille . Golfo Persico . sinum Persicum . Persijas līča . Persijos įlankos . Teluk Parsi . Persjan Golf . Zatoka Perska . Golfo Pérsico . Golful Persic . Perzský záliv . perzijski zaliv . Golfo Pérsico . Persiska viken . Farsça körfezi . Persisc Sǣ . Pleg-mor Persia . Persiske Bugt . Persischer Golf . Xelicê Farsi . Persiski zalew . Persiar golkoa . Perzsa-öböl . Persaflói . Persiana gulfo . Kendava Farsê . Persiabukta . Persiabukten . Gjiri Persik . Ghuba ya Uajemi . Халиҷи Форс . Халиҷи Порс . Дарёи Порс . Fors koʻrfazi . Pho-su-oan . Vịnh Ba Tư . Gwlff Persia . Kiajemi Ghuba . Фарсі заліў . Персийския залив . Персискиот Залив . персидский залив . Персијски залив . Перська затока . περσικός Κόλπος . Պարսից ծոց . ফার্সি উপসাগরীয় . სპარსეთის ყურის . ફારસી ગલ્ફ . फारस की खाड़ी . ಪರ್ಷಿಯನ್ ಕೊಲ್ಲಿ . ອ່າວເປີເຊຍ . பாரசீக வளைகுடா . పెర్షియన్ గల్ఫ్ . อ่าวเปอร์เซีย . 波斯湾 . 波斯灣 . ペルシャ湾 . 페르시아 만
The Arabian Gulf Does Not Exist. It Was, Is, And Always will Be Persian Gulf.